Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy (PFPT) is a specialized form of physical therapy that focuses on the muscles, nerves, and connective tissue of the pelvic floor. It is used to treat a variety of conditions related to pelvic floor dysfunction, including urinary and fecal incontinence, pelvic pain, sexual dysfunction, and postpartum recovery.
The pelvic floor is a group of muscles that span the area between the pubic bone and tailbone, forming a supportive sling-like structure for the pelvic organs such as bladder, uterus and rectum. These muscles work together to control the opening and closing of the urinary and anal sphincters, support the pelvic organs, and assist with sexual function.
PFPT is a non-invasive, drug-free approach to treating pelvic floor dysfunction. The therapy involves a thorough evaluation of the patient’s pelvic floor musculature and can include exercises to strengthen or relax these muscles, education on proper posture and breathing techniques, and the use of biofeedback to help patients better understand and control their pelvic floor muscles.
Although commonly thought of as a treatment for women, PFPT is also effective for men who experience pelvic floor dysfunction. Men can develop similar pelvic floor problems to women, such as incontinence, erectile dysfunction, and pelvic pain.
Some of the specific conditions that PFPT can help with include:
- Urinary incontinence: the involuntary leakage of urine
- Fecal incontinence: the involuntary leakage of stool
- Pelvic organ prolapse: a condition in which one or more of the pelvic organs (uterus, bladder, or rectum) drop down from their normal position
- Chronic pelvic pain: pain in the pelvic region that persists for more than six months
- Sexual dysfunction: difficulties with sexual function, such as erectile dysfunction or painful intercourse
- Pre- and postpartum pelvic floor muscle strengthening: to prevent and address issues such as incontinence, pain and pelvic organ prolapse.
PFPT is a safe and effective treatment option for individuals suffering from pelvic floor dysfunction. However, it is important to seek the help of a qualified PFPT professional to receive a thorough evaluation and personalized treatment plan.